The global crude steel output fell for the first time in six years, and only India increased.
the global crude steel output fell for the first time in six years, and only India eliminated the long separation and purification steps of PHB and bacteria in the bacterial method.
China Construction Machinery Information
the latest statistical data released by the international iron and Steel Association (WSA) showed that the global crude steel output reached 1.623 billion tons in 2015, a year-on-year decrease of 2.8%, The designer adopted conventional PID control for the first time since the financial crisis in 2009
the average annual capacity utilization rate of crude steel in 66 countries included in the statistics of the international iron and Steel Association was 69.7%, down 3.7% from 2014
"reduction" has become a new keyword in the global iron and steel industry.
at present, capacity utilization is generally used as a direct indicator to judge overcapacity in the world. European and American countries believe that the capacity utilization rate of 79%-83% is reasonable, and the capacity utilization rate of less than 75% is a serious excess. In other words, the global steel industry is already in a state of serious overcapacity and is still deteriorating
in terms of regions, the output of the eight main steel producing areas decreased compared with that in 2014. Among them, the output in Asia was the largest, 1.096 billion tons, a year-on-year decrease of 2.3%, which was also the first decline in history; The production of EU 28 was 16600 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 1.8%, the lowest level since 2000; North America saw the largest decline, with a year-on-year decrease of 8.6% to 111 million tons
affected by the Ukrainian civil war, the output of the CIS, the fourth largest steel producing region, fell by 2.2% against the background of global crude steel production increase in 2014. In 2015, the civil war continued to ferment, and the global crude steel production shrank, further expanding the decline, with a year-on-year decrease of 4.5% to 101million tons
among the 65 countries counted, the crude steel output of Chinese Mainland and Japan still ranks first and second, with 804million tons and 105million tons respectively, accounting for 49.5% and 6.57% of the global output respectively. Among them, China's crude steel output decreased for the first time since 1981, with a year-on-year decrease of 2.3%, but its share in the total global crude steel output further increased by 0.2% compared with 2014
among the top ten steel producers in the world, only India achieved output growth. In 2015, India's crude steel output was 89.6 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 2.6%. At the same time, India surpassed the United States for the first time and became the third largest steel producer in the world
Indian steel expanded its production capacity through large-scale borrowing. The Financial Times quoted Credit Suisse as saying that the net debt of the entire Indian steel industry has soared 10 times in the past decade, reaching about US $50billion by 2015
muralidharan Ramakrishnan, an analyst at Fitch, said that these loans increased India's steel production capacity by 1/3 and increased by 15million tons in fiscal year 2015 alone
as the largest steel producer in India, Tata Steel is increasing its local production capacity. In November last year, Tata iron and steel opened a large steel plant in Orissa, eastern India. It is understood that during the "1035" period, the plant produced 6million tons of steel per year, and the internal volume of No. 1 blast furnace was 4330 cubic meters, making it the largest blast furnace of Tata iron and steel
by contrast, Tata Steel's business in the UK is shrinking. On October 20 last year, Tata Steel announced that its three British plants, Scunthorpe, Dalzell and clydebridge, were shut down, and nearly 1200 people were laid off in the two plants. Among them, the Scunthorpe plant with 4000 employees is one of the largest steel plants in the UK
at the beginning of this year, Tata Steel continued to cut 1050 jobs in its British plants. According to Bloomberg on January 18, the plant with the most layoffs this time is the Port Talbot steel plant in South Wales, which currently has 4000 employees, making it the largest steel plant in the UK in terms of number and output
in addition to Tata Steel, JSW steel and the steel authority of India are also the main players in the Indian steel industry. Among them, jingdele southwest iron and steel company was established in 1952, with an annual output of 14million tons of steel. Last August, the company announced that it would expand its steelmaking capacity to 18million tons in March 2017. The Indian iron and steel authority, established in 1973, is one of the largest state-owned steel enterprises in India, with an annual output of 13.5 million tons of steel
it is worth noting that India's crude steel production is increasing while its consumption is also increasing. Although its consumption is only one tenth of that of China, it is rare to be on the growth track against the background of sluggish global steel demand. Fitch predicts that India's steel consumption will continue to grow by 8% in 2016
the Financial Times reported that at present, India's per capita iron and steel consumption is low, and its economy is improving. It is expected that India's economic growth rate will remain above 7% in the next two years, which is conducive to the development of automobile manufacturing and other downstream iron and steel industries, as well as its operating industries. In addition, India has also introduced fiscal stimulus policies and invested heavily in the construction of new roads and railways, which will also expand steel demand